Social capital is a powerful resource for individuals and communities. For individuals embedded in dense social networks, these networks and the attendant norms of trust and reciprocity strongly shape individuals’ ability to land jobs, earn higher salaries, and be happier and healthier. But, even for those not in the networks, having neighbors who know and trust one another affords benefits in some domains: better performing local government, safer streets, faster economic growth and better performing schools, among other public goods.
For sure social capital can be used toward negative ends: Al Qaeda, the Crips and the Bloods, the Michigan Militia are all examples where group members can accomplish things that they could not accomplish individually (because of group social capital). That said, the literature supports that the vast majority of what social capital is used for is to produce positive ends, not negative ones.
But why? What makes social capital so powerful?
View original post 1,991 more words